The Law


Bulgaria applies the European Tissue and Cells Directive which regulates assisted reproduction in the European Union. Since 2007, Bulgarian legislation defines the medical status of assisted reproduction. Clinics have to be accredited and are subject to supervision and regulation by a national body, the Executive Agency for Transplantations.


  • Assisted reproduction is open to families, unmarried couples, single women and women-only couples;
  • Age limits are most liberal: until the menopause when using own egg cells or age 51 when using donated egg cells;
  • Treatment prices are identical for Bulgarians and foreigners;
  • Very short waiting periods.


  • Sperm donation is legal, anonymous, and available through a well developed network of sperm banks;
  • Egg donation is legal and anonymous, except between close relatives;
  • Embryo donation is legal and anonymous;
  • Candidates undergo strict legally regulated tests and have to comply with requirements;
  • Each donor’s progeny is limited to five children.

In Vitro Fertilisation and Embryo Transfer Policies

  • There are no limitations on the number of aspirated and inseminated eggs;
  • The number of transferred embryos is determined individually, with legal limits according to patient age and medical history and embryo development stages.

Other Policies

  • Egg, sperm and embryo freezing is allowed;
  • PGD is allowed;
  • ICSI/IMSI are allowed;
  • Assisted hatching is allowed;
  • Surrogate mothering is not allowed;
  • Sex selection is not allowed.